Gandhi Collections 1- 5 Life Story

Mahatma Gandhi Bapu of India :
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. (2 October 1869 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement.

He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total nonviolence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Gandhi is commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi. (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or “Great Soul”, an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore)

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Muslims urged to accept minorities

The Age reports on the Parliament panel discussion Islam and Politics: Faith, Governance and Society. The panel features pre-eminent Muslim minds including Anwar Ibrahim, Dr Tariq Ramadan, Dr Siti Musdah Mulia, Dr Fahad a Alhomoudi, Dr Mahdi Mostafavi and Dr Burhanettin Tatar. The discussion represented a variety of views and explored the relationship between religion and democracy and the importance of guaranteeing human rights.

MUSLIMS must tackle injustices and corruption in their own countries before they can point a finger at the West, former Malaysian deputy prime minister Anwar Ibrahim said in Melbourne yesterday.

”How Islam treats minorities is excessive, no question – Hindus, Buddhists, Christians, Jews. We cannot condone injustice. We must condemn atrocities against minorities in Muslim societies and against Muslims in Christian societies,” he told the Parliament of the World Religions.

Now a leading opposition leader, Mr Anwar said Muslim countries faced huge Islamophobia, including an unequal American approach to Israel and Palestine and concerns about nuclear non-proliferation with some countries but not others (a reference to Israel).

But he told the key session on Islam and politics: ”You can’t talk all the time about the injustice of the West if you have injustice in your own land, such as Christians and Hindus in Muslim countries.

”Muslims were upset about the treatment of prisoners at Abu Ghraib [in Iraq], but what about conditions in Muslim prisons. If you refuse to talk about that you have no standing to talk about the first.”

Mr Anwar said there was no reason why Islamic parties should not contest elections. ”There is suspicion that Islamic political parties will use democracy as a vehicle and, when they come to power, marginalise other groups and cancel elections. There will be a 100 per cent vote, one time.”

But there were Christian Democrat parties, Hindu parties and Buddhist parties, while Muslim countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia and Turkey had clear constitutional guidelines. ”So why must Muslims have a secular fundamentalist position? What is important is to ensure that Islamic parties are not factional or unjust when in power.”

Abdullah Saeed, professor of Islamic Studies at Melbourne University, said the question of Islam and politics had been one of the most hotly debated topics for Muslims since the middle of the 19th century.

”At one end of the continuum is the view that it’s absolutely essential for Muslims to establish an Islamic state, that Islam is a religion and a state, though Muslims have never experienced this ideal.

”At the other extreme, Islam is simply an ethical and moral system, a relationship between the person and God, with no need for politics.”

Professor Saeed said critics pointed out that an Islamic state was not a traditional idea but a 20th century construct, while Muslim governments tended to oppress women and non-Muslims, were autocratic and did not respect rights.

Tariq Ramadan, one of Europe’s leading Muslim spokesmen, said democracy and Islam were fully compatible, but many Muslims misunderstood secularism as meaning no religion. Secularism in Muslim-majority countries did not mean democracy, but the opposite: dictators.

”It’s a question of authority. When it comes to the private sphere, the authority God has over you is private. When it comes to the public sphere, it should be negotiated among the public.” Dr Ramadan said the idea of collective negotiated authority went back to the prophet Muhammad, who more than once followed the majority against his own opinion.

Iranian delegate Mahdi Mostafavi said governments should fulfil the main purpose of man’s creation and ensure society was obedient to God.

He said Muslims should not be subservient to any power that went against the will of God, who gave governments their legitimacy.

”The government should strive for material prosperity but also for man’s exaltation in his humanity. Unfortunately this is neglected by most governments. Within the framework of God’s laws, people should be free.”

Questioned by a leading Melbourne Muslim, Rachel Woodlock, about the treatment of Baha’is in Iran, Dr Mostafavi simply denied that any minorities in Iran faced ill-treatment. Ms Woodlock replied: ”You have no credibility at all.”
– Barney zwartz

Islam and the West: Creating an Accord of Civilizations

Sun setting on the West’s dominance
-BARNEY ZWARTZ
December 9, 2009

THE epoch of Western dominance is coming to an end, which should reduce the danger of a clash between Islam and the West, a Malaysian academic said in Melbourne yesterday.

”The power equation is changing. A new global conversation has to begin,” Chandra Mufazzar told the Parliament of the World’s Religions.

”The decline is irreversible. The US is in serious trouble, the largest debtor nation in the world. The last few years have shown that military power has its limits and, most importantly, other centres of power have emerged: China, India, and a reassertion of Russian power.”

Dr Mufazzar, professor of international studies at University Sains Malaysia and founder of the International Movement for a Just World, said a relationship of dominance and control led to humiliation and anger in the Muslim world, and to violence.

Addressing a session on Islam and the West, he also criticised the media, saying it had ”failed us as a human family”.

”We need a conversation with three dimensions. First, respect, which will only emerge when there’s a feeling of equality. Second, learn to be inclusive. Sections of the Muslim community see things in very exclusivist terms, which is inimical to the world we want.

”Third, whatever our differences, we must not resort to violence because the global conversation breaks down. We either flourish together or perish together.”

Dr Mufazzar said Asia did not see Australia as part of the US hegemony.

Leading European Muslim spokesman Tariq Ramadan said the problem was a clash of perceptions, which led both the West and Muslims to see themselves as victims.

”We have to understand that Islam is now a Western religion. Not only must Muslims integrate in the West, but the West must accept Islam,” he said.

In an earlier session on Islam, social justice, gender justice and religious diversity, leading American Muslim spokesman Abdul Feisal Rauf said the problem was not the Koran, which commanded justice and equality, but Muslims’ failure to follow it.

”The problem is not the ideal but the reality of Muslims. We know very well what God wants – the challenge is to deliver.”

The New York-based imam, the founder and chairman of the interfaith Cordoba Initiative, said one problem was the artificial concept of the religious leader, which introduced egotism and competition. The Koranic concept was, rather, servant and guide.

Imam Rauf said Muslims needed all the help they could get from other faith communities, because the disease of religious extremism and false interpretation was found in all.

Commentary by Loreena Mckennitt

1. Night of the Alhambra
2. Dante’s Prayer

This artist is not only self-managed, self-produced and an acclaimed singer/composer, but is also the head of her own internationally successful record label, Quinlan Road.

In a recording career spanning nearly two decades, multi-platinum artist Loreena McKennitt has won worldwide critical acclaim for world music she describes as “Eclectic Celtic.” she’s released a DVD document of her performance at Alhambra palace in Granada, Spain.

This is the same performance that has been running on PBS station pledge drives for the last year, but with a double CD included. McKennitt’s renditions of songs from An Ancient Muse and her earlier albums are impeccable.

Loreena McKennitt – Raglan Road Live HD stereo

“On Raglan Road” here sung by Canadian singer-songwriter Loreena McKennitt, is a well-known Irish ballad from a poem by Irish poet Patrick Kavanagh named for Raglan Road in Ballsbridge, Dublin.

It was set to the music of the Irish traditional song “The Dawning of The Day” when the poet met Irish singer Luke Kelly of the Dubliners, who is the song’s most famous interpreter. Loreena, in this concert from The Alhambra in Granada, Spain, sings the song beautifully and with great feeling for the lyrics, a wonderful performance.

On raglan road on an autumn day,
I saw he first and knew
That his dark hair would weave a snare
That i might one day rue.
I saw the danger and yet i walked
Along the enchanted way
And i said let grief be a falling leaf
At the dawning of the day.

On grafton street in november,
We tripped lightly along the ledge
Of a deep ravine where can be seen
The worst of passions pledged.
The queen of hearts still baking tarts
And i not making hay,
For i loved too much; by such and such
Is happiness thrown away.

I gave he the gifts of the mind.
I gave he the secret sign
Thats known to all the artists who have
Known true gods of sound and time.
With word and tint i did not stint.
I gave him reams of poems to say
With his own dark hair and his own name there
Like the clouds over fields of may.

On a quiet street where old ghosts meet,
I see he walking now away from me,
So hurriedly. my reason must allow,
For i have wooed, not as i should
A creature made of clay.
When the angel woos the clay, hell lose
His wings at the dawn of the day.

Loreena McKennitt – The Lady Of Shalott HD

On either side of the river lie
Long fields of barley and of rye,
That clothe the world and meet the sky;
And thro’ the field the road run by
To many-towered Camelot;
And up and down the people go,
Gazing where the lilies blow
Round an island there below,
The island of Shalott.

A bow-shot from her bower-eaves,
He rode between the barley sheaves,
The sun came dazzling thro’ the leaves,
And flamed upon the brazen greaves
Of bold Sir Lancelot.
A red-cross knight for ever kneel’d
To a lady in his shield,
That sparkled on the yellow field,
Beside remote Shalott.

She left the web, she left the loom,
She made three paces taro’ the room,
She saw the water-lily bloom,
She saw the helmet and the plume,
She looked down to Camelot.
Out flew the web and floated wide;
The mirror cracked from side to side;
“The curse is come upon me,” cried
The Lady of Shalott.

In the stormy east-wind straining,
The pale yellow woods were waning,
The broad stream in his banks complaining.
Heavily the low sky raining
Over towered Camelot;
Down she came and found a boat
Beneath a willow left afloat,
And round about the prow she wrote
The Lady of Shalott

Who is this? And what is here?
And in the lighted palace near
Died the sound of royal cheer;
And they crossed themselves for fear,
All the Knights at Camelot;
But Lancelot mused a little space
He said, “She has a lovely face;
God in his mercy lend her grace,
The Lady of Shalott.”

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