The Golden Rule Or The Ethic of Reciprocity

Religious groups, as well as non-theistic ethical systems, differ greatly in their beliefs and practices. There is, however, a common thread that runs through them all. Each of these systems of belief has some example of the Ethic of Reciprocity in their teachings. The most common version of this is known as:

The Golden Rule
“Do onto others as you would have them do onto you.”

“Every religion emphasizes human improvement, love, respect for others, sharing other people’s suffering. On these lines every religion had more or less the same viewpoint and the same goal.”
~ His Holiness the Dalai Lama

Here are some examples of other versions of The Golden Rule from various religious or secular teachings:

Ancient Egyptian

“Do for one who may do for you, that you may cause him thus to do.”

~ The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, 109 – 110 Translated by R.B. Parkinson. The original dates to 1970 to 1640 BCE and may be the earliest version ever written.

Bahá’í Faith:

“Ascribe not to any soul that which thou wouldst not have ascribed to thee, and say not that which thou doest not.”

~ Baha’u’llah


“This is the sum of Dharma [duty]: Do naught unto others which would cause you pain if done to you”.

~ Mahabharata, 5:1517


“Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful.”

~ Udana-Varga 5:18


“And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.”

~ Luke 6:31


“Do not do to others what you do not want them to do to you”

~ Analects 15:23


“This is the sum of duty: do not do to others what would cause pain if done to you.”

~ Mahabharata 5:1517


“Don’t do things you wouldn’t want to have done to you.”

~ British Humanist Society


“None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.”

~ Number 13 of Imam “Al-Nawawi’s Forty Hadiths


“A man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself would be treated.”

~ Sutrakritanga 1.11.33


“What is hateful to you, do not to your fellow man. This is the law: all the rest is commentary.”

~ Talmud, Shabbat 31a

Native American Spirituality

“All things are our relatives; what we do to everything, we do to ourselves. All is really One.”

~ Black Elk

Roman Pagan Religion

“The law imprinted on the hearts of all men is to love the members of society as themselves.”


“Be charitable to all beings, love is the representative of God.”

~ Ko-ji-ki Hachiman Kasuga


“Don’t create enmity with anyone as God is within everyone.”

~ Guru Arjan Devji 259


“The basis of Sufism is consideration of the hearts and feelings of others. If you haven’t the will to gladden someone’s heart, then at least beware lest you hurt someone’s heart, for on our path, no sin exists but this.”

~ Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh, Master of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order.


“Regard your neighbor’s gain as your own gain, and your neighbor’s loss as your own loss.”

~ T’ai Shang Kan Ying P’ien


“We affirm and promote respect for the interdependent web of all existence of which we are a part.”

~ Unitarian principles


“An it harm no one, do what thou wilt”


“One going to take a pointed stick to pinch a baby bird should first try it on himself to feel how it hurts.”


“Whatever is disagreeable to yourself do not do unto others.”

~ Shayast-na-Shayast 13:29

Copyright Humanity Healing 15 August 2008. Permission to use with proper credit given.

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Christ, Buddha and the Saviors of Mankind

Christ, Buddha and the Saviors of Mankind, Part 1

There are many comparative studies of the lives of the masters Gautama Buddha and Jesus, as there are many revisions about the lives of Krishna and others historically relevant spiritual masters. There are in many of them thematic parallels among the lives of these Saviors of Humanity. In cautiously observing this, it is almost awkward to declare that these facts are more than just coincidences, or just the result of random curse of events.

H.P Blavatsky, in her book “Isis Unveiled”, points out that Gautama was the son of a king; Jesus was also a rightful descendent of King David. Buddha was known to be one of the incarnations of Vishnu, and Jesus known to be an incarnation of the Holy Spirit. Both were pure expressions of the Divine. Both their mothers conceived their sons in a very special way; both of them, Mary (Jesus’ Mother) and Maya (Buddha’s mother) were known to have had immaculate conceptions. Even their names, Mary and Maya were proven to have come from the same root, from a distant registry that the human mind can no longer reach.

Both of these initiates were able to perform miracles, exceptional healings and transformational teachings. In the dark ages of mankind those parallels were dismissed to be only the work of the Devil, the great liar that wanted to confuse the rightful and the faithful.

Some other scholars, investigating the different religious backgrounds of the ancient world, could prove the existence of at least sixteen different traditions where the savior dies to save Humanity. This comes to prove that characteristics that are common to their stories are more than mere coincidences.

More than what it is publicized by the religious traditions of today, where the stories of the masters are nothing more than the sterilized version of their teachings, the spiritual path should be seen as a trail to the followed by advanced disciples, that inevitably one day will also save humanity. The difference now is the element of Sacrifice; not necessarily seen as it was a couple of thousand years ago.

The Tearing of the Veils

“Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split, and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised.”
~ Mathew Matthew 27:51

Gautama abolishes idolatry and creates huge conflict with the Brahmas’ that had the monopoly of the traditional teachings of the Hindu society. He promotes and teaches the mysteries of the unity, oneness and nirvana, and offers safe practices accessible to all castes in methods to reach liberation from the wheels of suffering and pain.

Jesus the Christ shows himself against the religious tyranny of the Pharisees and scribes of the Temple, and openly teaches the mysteries of the Kingdom of God. As we can observe, the convergence of facts and similarities are overwhelming. Esoterically, it is nonetheless said that Chris Jesus was a being originated from the Seventh Ray of Creation, while Buddha is said to be the master of the Fifth Ray. The fact is that these enlighten beings are rays and frequencies of the Christ-consciousness vibration, emissaries of the Light to bring about the opening of consciousness in their lifetimes.

From another angle, both of their traditional teachings speak about three different levels of realization, or there are three grades of human spirits. The upper level are called the elected, even though there is no elitism implied under the term that would derive any sense of exclusion. Among the Gnostics of ancient times, the elected were called Pneumatics, which in their language meant “guided by spirit”, among the Buddhist they were known as “Arias”, or advanced beings, the sacred ones.

The Second group, an intermediary one, were known among the Gnostics as the Psychics ,or religious ones. These, among the Buddhists, were known as Aniata.

The last group, for both doctrines, was comprised by the common men. The Gnostics called them the Somatics or Hylics, the “worldly” people: pure emotion and “living in the now” for pleasure. The Buddhist called them silly people, because of their permanent desire to dedicate their lives only for the immediate pleasures of life and are still immerse in Maya (illusion).

All the structural body of their teachings was designed to attend to the needs of these three grades of Human spirits. To the common men, or Somatics, the instructions were directed to practices of daily life and ethics.

For the second level of Souls, the psychics for the Gnostics and Aniatas for the Buddhists, the teachings were directed to a more ample vision in dealing with challenges of the daily life and spiritual practices. Most of these lessons can be found in the sutras and also in the Christian scriptures. Their perspective of this particular group was directed to the close care of these Souls, because both doctrines believed that this group of Souls could fall back into the broader group, if they did not have the proper instructions and spiritual practice. Also, their specialty resides in that they at the same time could be the group of Souls that could transcend and enter the realms of the “elected”, or the saved ones.

Finally, for the last level of human souls, the so-called Pneumatics[1] for the Gnostics or Arias for the Buddhists, both Masters offer what we call the “Accelerated Path”, or inner teachings. They are comprised by a more elaborated set of teaching since the accelerated path has its own privileged requirements and requires constant purifications and tenacious dedication. This is not a path for many. Among the Buddhists, the monks have a period of study to develop the foundation of the future teachings. Just a few of these monks are invited to continue their studies, as they will be involving more than sutras and Tantra to reach their goals. For the Gnostics, the advanced techniques involved the practices of the Sacraments; for them the sacraments were five, as they were taught by Christ and later, his disciples. They were originally only five instead of the seven actually practiced by the Church today. Originally, the Sacraments were transformational rites of passage: our equivalent of modern initiations.

[1] From “pneuma” meaning “air” or coming from Spirit. These souls preserve a living connection with pleroma therefore considering the human spirit as a spark of God’s light and in effect a part of Body of God himself. They can be sometimes minimalists and ascetics individuals.

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My Conversation With the Dalai Lama: The Convergence of Science and Spirituality (VIDEO) ~ Arianna Huffington

At a lunch in the crypt at St. Paul’s before the Dalai Lama received the Templeton Prize today, I was seated next to Canon Mark Oakley. “We need to move beyond relevance to resonance,” he said.

It was a call to move beyond the shallows to the depths, beyond the passing novelties of the moment to the echoes of the soul. The Canon summed up the vicious circle we too often find ourselves caught in: “We are,” he said, “spending money we don’t have on things we don’t want in order to impress people we don’t like.”

To find the peace of mind that alone can replace this aimless search that has led to an epidemic of stress, anxiety, and drugs — legal and illegal — the Dalai Lama is looking to science (specifically neuroscience) to convince a skeptical increasingly-secular society of the power of contemplation and compassion to change our lives and our world.

As he wrote in his 2005 book, The Universe in a Single Atom: The Convergence of Science and Spirituality:

The great benefit of science is that it can contribute tremendously to the alleviation of suffering at the physical level, but it is only through the cultivation of the qualities of the human heart and the transformation of our attitudes that we can begin to address and overcome our mental suffering… We need both, since the alleviation of suffering must take place at both the physical and the psychological levels.

It is for this decades-long passion to bring together science and spirituality that he was awarded the Templeton Prize. I sat with him before the awards ceremony. Here is our conversation (with a video slideshow here):
View Here

Consciousness Matters

This video was produced for IONS’ 2011 Conference in San Francisco, CA, Noetic 2.0: Tools & Technologies for a World Transforming. It features Edgar Mitchell, Deepak Chopra, Marilyn Schlitz, Dean Radin and Cassandra Vieten in an exploration of the mysteries of inner space and the questions and values that drive the work of the Institute of Noetic Sciences. For almost 40 years the Institute of Noetic Sciences has explored the fundamental powers and potentials of consciousness using the tools of basic science.

Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness ~ Bruce Rosenblum & Fred Kuttne

In trying to understand the atom, physicists built quantum mechanics, the most successful theory in science and the basis of one-third of our economy. They found, to their embarrassment, that with their theory, physics encounters consciousness. Authors Bruce Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner explain all this in non-technical terms with help from some fanciful stories and anecdotes about the theory’s developers. They present the quantum mystery honestly, emphasizing what is and what is not speculation. Quantum Enigma’s description of the experimental quantum facts, and the quantum theory explaining them, is undisputed.

Interpreting what it all means, however, is heatedly controversial. But every interpretation of quantum physics involves consciousness. Rosenblum and Kuttner therefore turn to exploring consciousness itself–and encounter quantum mechanics. Free will and anthropic principles become crucial issues, and the connection of consciousness with the cosmos suggested by some leading quantum cosmologists is mind-blowing. Readers are brought to a boundary where the particular expertise of physicists is no longer the only sure guide. They will find, instead, the facts and hints provided by quantum mechanics and the ability to speculate for themselves.

In the few decades since the Bell’s theorem experiments established the existence of entanglement (Einstein’s “spooky action”), interest in the foundations, and the mysteries, of quantum mechanics has accelerated. In recent years, physicists, philosophers, computer engineers, and even biologists have expanded our realization of the significance of quantum phenomena. This second edition includes such advances. The authors have also drawn on many responses from readers and instructors to improve the clarity of the book’s explanations.

The Enigma in a Nutshell

All of physics is based on quantum theory. It’s the most battle-tested theory in all of science. And one-third of our economy involves products designed with it. Quantum theory works for fundamental science and for practical applications.

However, this reliable and useful physics challenges any reasonable worldview. It actually denies the existence of a physically real world independent of its observation. It also tells of a strange connectedness.

Demonstrating quantum strangeness is practical only for small objects, though as technology improves, it’s being displayed for larger and larger things. Quantum theory is presumed to be valid for everything. Quantum cosmologists apply it for the whole of the early universe.

Here are quantum theory’s reality and connectedness problems in a nutshell:

Reality: By your free choice you could demonstrate either of two contradictory physical realities. You can, for example, demonstrate an object to be someplace. But you could have chosen to demonstrate the opposite: that it was not in that place. Observation created the object’s position. Quantum theory has all properties created by their observation.

Connectedness: Quantum theory tells that any things that have ever interacted are forever connected, “entangled.” For example, your friend’s freely made decision of what to do in Moscow (or on Mars) can instantaneously (though randomly) influence what happens to you in Manhattan. And this happens without any physical force involved. Einstein called such influences “spooky actions.” They’ve now been demonstrated to exist.

Two more comments:

The quantum weirdness is not hard to “understand”–even with zero physics background. But it’s almost impossible to believe . When someone tells you something you can’t believe, you might well think you don’t understand. But believing might be the real problem. It’s best to approach the subject with an open mind. That’s not easy.

The experimental facts basic to the quantum enigma are undisputed. But talking of the encounter of physics with “non-physical” stuff like consciousness is controversial. It’s been called our “skeleton in the closet.” You can look at the undisputed facts, and ponder for yourself what they mean.

Fred Kuttner

Fred Kuttner is a Lecturer in the Department of Physics at the University of California at Santa Cruz. He devotes most of his time to teaching physics after a career in industry, including two technology startups, and a second career in academic administration. His research interests have included the low temperature propoerties o solids and the thermal properties of magnets. For the last several years he has worked on the foundations of quantum mechanics and the implications of the quantum theory.
This biography was provided by the author or their representative.

Bruce Rosenblum

Bruce Rosenblum is Professor of Physics and former Chairperson of the Physics Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
This biography was provided by the author or their representative.

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